Observability — Monitoring FAQ
This page contains some of the frequently asked questions about monitoring.
- How to access the Prometheus console in KubeSphere
- Host port 9100 conflict caused by the node exporter
- Conflicts with the preexisting prometheus operator
- How to change the monitoring data retention period
- No monitoring data for kube-scheduler and kube-controller-manager
- No monitoring data for the last few minutes
- No monitoring data for both nodes and the control plane
- Prometheus produces an error log: opening storage failed, no such file or directory: opening storage failed, no such file or directory
How to access the Prometheus console in KubeSphere
The KubeSphere monitoring engine is powered by Prometheus. For debugging purposes, you may want to access the built-in Prometheus service through a NodePort. Run the following command to change the service type to
kubectl edit svc -n kubesphere-monitoring-system prometheus-k8s
Host port 9100 conflict caused by the node exporter
If you have processes occupying the host port 9100, the node exporter in
kubesphere-monitoring-system will be crashing. To resolve the conflict, you need to either terminate the process or assign another available port to the node exporter.
To adopt another host port, such as
29100, run the following command and replace all
29100 (5 places need to be changed).
kubectl edit ds -n kubesphere-monitoring-system node-exporter
apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: DaemonSet metadata: name: node-exporter namespace: kubesphere-monitoring-system ... spec: ... template: ... spec: containers: - name: node-exporter image: kubesphere/node-exporter:ks-v0.18.1 args: - --web.listen-address=127.0.0.1:9100 ... - name: kube-rbac-proxy image: kubesphere/kube-rbac-proxy:v0.4.1 args: - --logtostderr - --secure-listen-address=[$(IP)]:9100 - --upstream=http://127.0.0.1:9100/ ... ports: - containerPort: 9100 hostPort: 9100 ...
Conflicts with the preexisting prometheus operator
If you have deployed Prometheus Operator on your own, make sure it is removed before you install KubeSphere. Otherwise, there may be conflicts that the built-in Prometheus Operator of KubeSphere selects duplicate ServiceMonitor objects.
How to change the monitoring data retention period
Run the following command to edit the maximum retention period. Navigate to the field
retention and set a desired retention period (
7d by default).
kubectl edit prometheuses -n kubesphere-monitoring-system k8s
No monitoring data for kube-scheduler and kube-controller-manager
First, make sure the flag
--bind-address is set to
0.0.0.0 (default) rather than
127.0.0.1. Prometheus may need to access theses components from other hosts.
Second, check the presence of endpoint objects for
kube-controller-manager. If they are missing, create them manually by creating services and selecting target Pods.
kubectl get ep -n kube-system | grep -E 'kube-scheduler|kube-controller-manager'
No monitoring data for the last few minutes
Check if your computer browser's local clock is in sync with the Internet time and with your cluster. A time gap may cause this issue. This may occur especially if your computer resides on an Intranet.
No monitoring data for both nodes and the control plane
Check your network plugin and make sure that there is no IP Pool overlap between your hosts and Pod network CIDR. It is strongly recommended that you install Kubernetes with KubeKey.
Chinese readers may refer to the discussion in the KubeSphere China forum for more information.
Prometheus produces an error log: opening storage failed, no such file or directory
If the Prometheus Pod in
kubesphere-monitoring-system is crashing and produces the following error log, your Prometheus data may be corrupt and needs manual deletion to recover.
level=error ts=2020-10-14T17:43:30.485Z caller=main.go:764 err="opening storage failed: block dir: \"/prometheus/01EM0016F8FB33J63RNHFMHK3\": open /prometheus/01EM0016F8FB33J63RNHFMHK3/meta.json: no such file or directory"
Exec into the Prometheus Pod (if possible), and remove the block directory
kubectl exec -it -n kubesphere-monitoring-system prometheus-k8s-0 -c prometheus sh rm -rf 01EM0016F8FB33J63RNHFMHK3/
Alternatively, you can simply delete the directory from the persistent volume bound to the Prometheus PVC.
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